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瑞思幼儿英语微科普-with!

发布时间:2018-10-09点击:

with结构是许多英语复合结构中最常用的一种。学好它对学好复合宾语结构、不定式复合结构、动名词复合结构和独立主格结构均能起很重要的作用。今天幼儿英语瑞老师特别收集了一些关于with的用法,以希望能帮助同学们掌握这一重要的语法知识。

一、with复合结构的构成

with+宾语+宾语补足语,构成with复合结构,宾语可以是名词或是代词,宾语补足语可以是介词短语、过去分词、现在分词、形容词、动词不定式、副词。且with后面的宾语与其后的宾语补足语有逻辑上的主谓关系。

1)With+宾语+介词短语

He was asleep with his head on his arms.

2)with+宾语+过去分词(宾语与宾补之间是被动关系)

All the afternoon he worked with the door locked.

He lay in bed with his head covered.

3)with+宾语+现在分词(宾语与宾补之间是主动关系)

With winter coming on,it's time to buy warm clothes.

4)with+宾语+todo(不定式做宾补有“将来”的含义)

I can't go out with all these dishes to wash.

5)with+宾语+形容词/副词

With John away,we've got more room.

Anderson was lying on the bed with all his clothes on.

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二、with复合结构的作用

with复合结构在句子中作状语,表示原因、时间、条件、伴随、方式等。下面跟少儿英语瑞老师一起来阅读下面的句子。

1)We sat on the dry grass with our backs to the wall.(作伴随状语)

2)She could not leave with her painful duty unfulfilled.(作原因状语)

3)He lay in bed with his head covered.(作方式状语)

4)Jack soon fell asleep with the light still burning.(作伴随状语)

5)I won't be able to go on holiday with my mother being ill.(作原因状语)

6)He sat with his arms clasped around his knees.(作方式状语)

三、with复合结构在句子中还可以作定语

1)There was a letter for Lanny with a Swiss stamp on it.(作定语修饰letter)

2)It was a vast stretch of country with cities in the distance.(作定语修饰a stretch of country)
 

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